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The issue

In the past pollinator services were sufficient. The abundance and diversity of flowers for bee forage on farms was not an issue.  The expansion of modern intensive agriculture accompanied by the removal of shelterbelts and hedgerows has reduced bee forage in many farming regions. Unfortunately important traditional bee plants are now on noxious weed lists because they harm the environment.  The elimination of these weeds has further reduced areas with good bee forage.

The objective of this project is to restore bee forage where it is most needed.  Many types of farms have pockets or strips of unproductive land that could be used to plant bee forage species that have multiple other uses to benefit the farmer.  With the right choice of plant species, areas in riparian strips, gullies susceptible to erosion, around irrigation or effluent ponds and other unusable marginal land can be used to plant bee forage plants that will both benefit pollination on the farm and meet other planting goals.